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In Turkish alphabet, there are 29 letters: 21 consonants and 8 vowels. Turkish script is almost like a phonetic transcription.


Each letter:

  • is pronounced. Included in this category are double consonants, where a syllable ends and the next syllable starts with the same letter. For example, the n’s in anne ‘mother’ are both pronounced as they do in unnatural. The only exception to this rule is ğ.

  • —keeps its sound unchanged unlike, for example, English c in city and class, or u in put and but.


Now let’s learn what sound each letter in the alphabet stands for. The vowels are highlighted in bold.

Turkish vowels
Turkish alphabet

For more information about this consonant, click.

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