GLOSSARY OF ENGLISH-TURKISH COGNATES

Cognates are words that have a similar spelling, pronunciation, and meaning across two languages. Some English words exist in Turkish only in the meaning given, or the word class shown. English accent (n), for example, exists in Turkish only as a noun and not as a verb, or acid (n) exists only as a noun and not as an adjective

 

In preparing this glossary, 3000 core (basic) English words has been taken as a reference. There may be some other words that can be added.

A

academy

academic (adj)

accent (n)

acid (n)

action (n)

active

actor

actress

adaptation

address (details of a place)

advantage

alarm (of burglary, fire etc)

album

alcohol

alcoholic (n)

alphabet

alternative

amateur

ambulance

analysis

anti-    

antibiotic

antidemocratic

antipathy, antipathetic

arena

arithmetic

astronaut

athlete

athletic

atmosphere

apartment block

assistant (n)

August

authority

auto-

autobiography

automatic

automobile

akademi

akademik

aksan

asit

aksiyon

aktif

aktör

aktris

adaptasyon

adres

avantaj

alarm

albüm

alkol

alkolik

alfabe

alternatif

amatör

ambulans

analiz

anti-

antibiyotik

antidemokratik

antipati, antipatik

arena

aritmetik

astronot

atlet

atletik

atmosfer

apartman

asistan

ağustos

otorite

oto-

otobiyografi

otomatik

otomobil

B

bacteria

balcony

balloon (n)

bank (place for money)

baggage (=luggage)

bar (place to drink in)

barrier

basketball (game)

bicycle (n)

biscuit (=cookie)

biology

biological

blouse

boat

bomb (n)

boot (shoe)

branch (of a study)

bravo

bureau

button (of a machine; on a website)

bakteri

balkon

balon

banka

bagaj

bar

bariyer (=engel)

basketbol

bisiklet

bisküvi

biyoloji

biyolojik

bluz

bot

bomba

bot

branş

bravo

büro

buton (=düğme)

C

cable (wire)

cacao

café

camera (for making films,

    TV programmes)

camp (n)

campaign (n)

campus

cancer

canteen (in a school, factory)

capacity

captain (sailor; team leader)

caravan (=trailer)

carbohydrate

carbon

card (n)

career (n)

carnival

catalogue/catalog

category

Catholic

centimetre/centimeter  

ceremony

champion (n)

channel (n)

chaos

character

chemistry

chocolate

chorus (n)

Christian

cigarette

cinema

civil (not part of the military

    or gov.)

classic (n; adj); classical

clinic

club (for an activity or sport)

coalition

coffee

cola

collective (adj)

collection (set/group)

colony

comic (=amusing)

comedy

comedian

committee

communication

complex

complicated (=complex)

composition (=essay)

concentration

concept

concert (music)

conference

contract (n)

control (n)

copy (n)

corridor

costume

cousin (a child of your uncle

    or aunt)

cream (for the skin; colour)

cream (of milk)

credit (n)

credit card

crisis

criterion

criticism; critical (important;

    serious/worrying)

crystal

culture (n)

cultural

D

kablo

kakao

kafe

kamera

 

kamp

kampanya

kampüs 

kanser

kantin

kapasite

kaptan

karavan

karbonhidrat

karbon

kart

kariyer

karnaval

katalog

kategori

Katolik

santimetre 5

seremoni

şampiyon

kanal

kaos

karakter

kimya

çikolata

koro

Hıristiyan

sigara 6

sinema

sivil 7

 

klasik 

klinik

kulüp

koalisyon

kahve

kola

kolektif

koleksiyon

koloni

komik 1

komedi

komedyen

komite

komünikasyon 

kompleks

komplike

kompozisyon

konsantrasyon

konsept

konser

konferans

kontrat 2

kontrol 3  

kopya 4

koridor

kostüm

kuzen

 

krem

krema

kredi

kredi kartı

kriz

kriter

kritik

 

kristal

kültür

kültürel

dance (n)

degree

democracy

democratic

department (of an

    organization)

depression (mental illness)

design (n)

detail (n)

detective

dialogue

digital

diplomat

diplomatic

disadvantage

disk/disc

diploma

direct (adj)

discipline (n)  

drama

doctor (n)

document (n)  

dollar

dans 1

derece

demokrasi

demokratik

departman (=bölüm)

 

depresyon 2

dizayn 3

detay (=ayrıntı)

dedektif

diyalog

dijital

diplomat

diplomatik

dezavantaj

disk

diploma

direkt

disiplin 4

drama

doktor

doküman

dolar

E

economy (n)   

economic; economical 

editor

effort

electricity

electronic

empathy

emperor

encyclopaedia

energy

energetic

equipment

ethic; ethics; ethical

ethnic (adj)

euro (n)

exercise (activities for body)

exotic

expert (n)

extra

extreme (adj)

ekonomi (=iktisat)

ekonomik

editör

efor (=çaba)

elektrik

elektronik

empati 5

imparator 6

ansiklopedi

enerji

enerjik

ekipman

etik

etnik

avro 1

egzersiz 2

egzotik

eksper (=bilirkişi)

ekstra

ekstrem (=aşırı; sıra dışı)

F

factor (n)

faculty (of a university)

favourite

federal

federation

film (=movie)

final (n)

finance (n)

financial

finish (n)

football (game)

form (n)

format (n)

formula

forum

full (adj)

function (n)

functional

G

faktör

fakülte

favori 3

federal

federasyon

film

final 4

finans 5

finansal (=malî)

finiş (=varış, bitiş)

futbol 6

form

format

formül

forum

ful

fonksiyon (=işlev)

fonksiyonel (=işlevsel)

galaxy

gallery

garage (=carport)

gas (n) 

gendarme

general (in the army)

general (adj)

generation

 

gentleman (a man who is

    always polite)

gesture (n)

geography

geometry

geometric

global

goal (in football)

golf

gram/gramme

grammar

group (n)

grey

guarantee (n)

guitar

gymnastics

galaksi

galeri 7

garaj

gaz

jandarma

general

genel

jenerasyon (=nesil,

    kuşak)

centilmen

 

jest

coğrafya

geometri

geometrik

global (=küresel)

gol

golf

gram (g/gm)

gramer (=dil bilgisi)

grup

gri

garanti 1

gitar

jimnastik